In many countries only the uploading of unauthorised copyrighted content is banned. As of July 1, 2006, the Protection of the Right of Communication through the Network is effective which bans both up- and downloading of pirated content.
The People's Daily Online quotes Yan Xiaohong, deputy chief of the National Copyright Administration (Chinese), saying China was working on the ratification of two international treaties on the Internet with WIPO. Read more about WIPO's Copyright Treaty and Performances and Phonograms Treaty here.
The People's Daily Online article can be found here.